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Catatonic features is a term that is used to describe a mood episode having abnormal, limited, excessive, or echoing movement.

Catatonic features in the DSMEdit

The DSM uses catatonic features to describe the following mood episodes:

This specifier is not used for Hypomanic episodes, most likely because because if catatonic features are present the episode is better described as a Manic episode.

Catatonic features are described by the DSM as having 2 or more of the following symptoms:

  • immobility, staying in the same position (unless moved by someone else), or unconsciousness
  • excessive movement that doesn't have an apparent purpose or relation to the environment
  • extreme resistance to all instructions, maintaining a rigid posture, or refusal to speak
  • peculiar movement such as bizarre posturing, stereotyped movements, prominent mannerisms, or prominent grimacing
  • imitating another person's speech or movement


Mood disorders as diagnosed by the DSM edit
Mood episodes: Major depressive episode Manic episode Mixed episode Hypomanic episode

Depressive disorders: Major depressive disorder Dysthymic disorder Depressive disorder NOS (PMDD)

Bipolar disorders: Bipolar I disorder Bipolar II disorder Cyclothymic disorder Bipolar disorder NOS

Other mood disorders: Mood disorder due to a general medical condition Substance-induced mood disorder Mood disorder NOS

Episode specifiers: Severity Psychotic Remission Chronic Catatonic Melancholic Atypical Postpartum

Course specifiers: Longitudinal Seasonal (SAD) Rapid cycling

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